1851
The Prestwick Golf Club is founded.



1856
The Royal Curragh Golf Club is founded at Kildare, the first golf club in Ireland. Pau Golf Club is founded, the first on the Continent.

A rule change is enacted that, in match play, the ball must be played as it lies or the hole be conceded. It is the last recorded toughening of the rules structure.

1857
The Golfer's Manual, by "A Keen Hand" (H.B. Farnie), is published. It is the first book on golf instruction.

The Prestwick Club institutes the first Championship Meeting, a foursomes competition at St. Andrews attended by eleven golf clubs. George Glennie and J.C. Stewart win for Blackheath.

1858
The format of the Championship Meeting is changed to individual match play and is won by Robert Chambers of Bruntsfield.

Allan Robertson becomes the first golfer to break 80 at the Old Course, recording a 79.

1859
The first Amateur Championship is won by George Condie of Perth.

Death of Allan Robertson, the first great professional golfer.

1860
The Prestwick Club institutes a Professional Championship played at Prestwick-the first Championship Belt is won by Willie Park.

1861
The Professionals Championship is opened to amateurs, and the British Open is born. The first competition is won by Old Tom Morris

Old Tom Morris
Old Tom Morris

1864
The North Devon Golf Club is founded at Westward Ho!

1867
The Ladies' Golf Club at St. Andrews is founded, the first golf club for women.

1869
The Liverpool Golf Club is founded at Hoylake, later Royal Liverpool.

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